THE WORLD’S CHANGING CLIMATE. 22 Jan 1945. “The glaciers of Alaska and Western Canada are retreating. The great Sahara Desert is moving south, drying up Nigerian rivers and the lakes of western Sudan.”
THE WORLD’S CHANGING CLIMATE (1945, January 22). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 – 1953), p. 4 (EVENING). Retrieved February 28, 2020, from https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/64403133?searchTerm=climate%20change%20in%20australia&searchLimits=#
Those Londoners who, in face of ridicule and criticism, never fail to carry their umbrellas everywhere they go, are doing quite the right thing.
Not that the climate here is unpredictable (although it is). But meterologists are now backing up the umbrella men by declaring that London is getting noticeably wetter.
London’s climate is changing altogether.
Not only is the rainfall increasing, but the winter is getting milder, and the seasons are shifting
round a bit, so that summer runs into autumn and winter into spring.
And there is more to be told than just that. Some research workers, including Prof. Otto Schmidt, leader of the Soviet Arctic expeditions, and Mr. M. B. Cotsworth, secretary to the British Association’s Committee on Climatic Change, foresee the possibility of another north European “Ice Age”—happily in some far distant future.
The change in the weather here has recently been brought to public notice by Mr. E. L. Hawke, secretary to the Royal Meterological Society. In a letter to the London Times, he declares that the seasons are lagging, that February has ousted January as the coldest month in most parts of the British Isles and that August tends to be hotter than mid summer.
In an interview, Mr. Moses B. Cotsworth has added to Mr. Hawke’s information by declaring that the prevalling wind in London is sweeping more westerly each year, and has veered westerly 40 degrees during the last 180 years. During this century, there has, Mr. Cotsworth stated, been a slight increase in winter temperature compared with last century, together with an increase in rainfall.
“Throughout the world the climate is changing,” Mr. Cotsworth continued. “The glaciers of Alaska and Western Canada are retreating. The great Sahara Desert is moving south, drying up Nigerian rivers and the lakes of western Sudan.
Australia’s deserts are increasing. The ice cap along the Antarctic, opposite Australia and New Zealand, is receding.
Mr. Cotsworth is of the opinion that the greatest single factor governing climatic changes in the
Northern Hemisphere is the ice cap on Greenland.
“Greenland’s polar ice cap is too stupendous to be comprehended in terms of weight,” Mr. Cotsworth said. “But you will see why it is important when you understand that there is probably sufficient ice to cover the whole of Britain more than 10 miles thick.
The ice cap has an area of about 700,000 square miles and is estimated as averaging 8000 feet in height.”
Mr. Cotsworth sees this vast polar region as an icy barrier to the prevailing winds caused by the earth’s rotation. Some of the winds are diverted and freeze up eastern Canada, and at the same time others try to blow the ice to the east. Professor Schmidt has told Mr. Cotsworth that Russian researchers substantiate this.
It seems probable that the “Ice Age” of the past was not one period but several, and that the ice caps have crept round the north of the globe from one range of mountains to the other. At present the ice cap is on Greenland, while the Alaska ice is receding.
And even on Greenland change is occurring, and on the widening fringe of green the Danes intend to set up in the near future one of the greatestsheep farms in the world.—
“Christian Science Monitor.”